Franke James: Paradise Unpaved

illustration by franke james of green driveway and garden

illustration by franke james of neighbor in yellow shirt
illustration by franke james of news story
photos and illustrations by franke james of weights, lightbulb, footprint, suv
photo and illustration by franke james of flowers and suv
 illustration by franke james of city official

 Alice in wonderland illustration by franke james; inspired by John Tenniel

 record of media coverage by franke james

permit process by franke james

bobcat and dirt photos by franke james

workers photo by franke and bill james

workers photo by franke and bill james

before photo by franke james of permaturf green driveway

planting photo by franke james

planting photos, top by lucas oleniuk licensed from the toronto star, bottom by bill james

after photo by franke james of permaturf green driveway

garden photo by franke james

 garden photo by franke james

illustration by franke james

illustration by franke james

calculation of runoff on interlock versus green driveway by franke james

Credits:

Paradise Unpaved © 2008, Franke James, MFA
Photographs, illustrations and writing by Franke James, MFA except where noted.
Alice in Wonderland drawing by Franke James, was inspired by illustrator John Tenniel’s 1865 drawing, “She was now more than nine feet high!”
Franke James with shovel photo by Michael Stuparyk, Toronto Star, under license from Torstar
Seeding Photo of Franke James by Lucas Oleniuk, Toronto Star, under license from Torstar
Big Yellow Taxi by Joni Mitchell, excerpt of lyrics.

Many thanks to Joan Chadde, author of Understanding the Ecological Impacts of Changing Land Uses published in the Spring 2008 issue of Green Teacher, and her colleague Dr. Alex Mayer, a hydrologist in the Department of Geological and Mining Engineering & Sciences at Michigan Technological University, for their kind assistance with the stormwater calculations.

Articles and Media:

The Green Driveway Articles detail the building of our green driveway step-by-step, including the materials used.
Eco-friendly driveway is rejected by the city Paul Moloney, Toronto Star, May 5, 2007
Interview by Melissa Grelo, CITY TV, May 6, 2007
Don’t Rip Up Your Driveway in North York, Lloyd Alter, Treehugger.com, May 8, 2007

Resources:

Stormwater Runoff: Understanding the Ecological Impacts of Changing Land Uses by Joan Chadde, Michigan Technological University, Green Teacher Magazine Issue Spring 2008

Toronto Homeowner’s Guide to Rainfall: Riversides 2008 report: Urban Runoff Excellent backgrounder on stormwater runoff and the economic cost of it to the city.

Riversides 2008 Toronto Workshops5 Things You Can Do

Reports referenced by Franke James to City Official
City of Toronto 2005: Transportation Report on Wet Weather Flow
City of Toronto 2005: Impacts of Front Yard Parking on Wet Weather Flow